Honduras
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currency: Lempira (HNL)
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Honduras profile
has only a short Pacific coast but a long Caribbean shoreline, including the virtually uninhabited eastern Mosquito Coast
Honduras history
Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage. Since then, the economy has slowly rebounded.
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Conventional long form: Republic of Honduras

Conventional short form: Honduras

Local long form: Republica de Honduras

Local short form: Honduras
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Honduras's capital city is Tegucigalpa
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Honduras Constitution:

11 January 1982, effective 20 January 1982;

amended many times
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Honduras population growth rate: 1.838%
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Honduras highest point: Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m
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Honduras lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
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About 9% of Honduras's land is arable.
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Patuca River is the Longest River in Honduras
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Honduras birth rate is 25 births/1,000 population
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Honduras infant mortality rate is 20 deaths/1,000 live births
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Honduras fertility rate is 2.94 children born/woman
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Honduras climate:

subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains
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Top 10 cities of Honduras with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Tegucigalpa: 850,848
2. San Pedro Sula: 489,466
3. Choloma: 139,100
4. La Ceiba: 130,218
5. El Progreso: 100,810
6. Choluteca: 75,872
7. Comayagua: 58,784
8. Puerto Cortez: 48,013
9. La Lima: 45,955
10. DanlĂ­: 44,799
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Honduras ethnic groups:

mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) - 90%

Amerindian - 7%

black - 2%

white - 1%
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Honduras Exports:

apparel

coffee

shrimp

automobile wire harnesses

cigars

bananas

gold

palm oil

fruit

lobster

lumber
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Honduras Imports:

machinery and transport equipment

industrial raw materials

chemical products

fuels

foodstuffs
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unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (128 seats; members elected proportionally by department to serve four-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
18 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento)

1. Atlantida
2. Choluteca
3. Colon
4. Comayagua
5. Copan
6. Cortes
7. El Paraiso
8. Francisco Morazan
9. Gracias a Dios
10. Intibuca
11. Islas de la Bahia
12. La Paz
13. Lempira
14. Ocotepeque
15. Olancho
16. Santa Barbara
17. Valle
18. Yoro
Political parties and leaders:
Anti-Corruption Party (PAC) - Salvador NASRALLA

Christian Democratic Party (DC) - Felicito AVILA Ordonez

Broad Political Electoral Front in Resistance (FAPER) - Andres PAVON

Democratic Unification Party (UD) - Cesar HAM

Freedom and Refounding Party (LIBRE) - Jose Manuel ZELAYA Rosales

Liberal Party (PL) - Elvin SANTOS Brito

National Party (PN) - Ricardo ALVAREZ

Social Democratic Innovation and Unity Party (PINU) - Jorge Rafael AGUILAR Paredes



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